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This documentation defines the query language used in Louhi. The language is functionally equivalent to the OGC Filter Encoding specification 2.0 (http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/filter). This language is used in style rules, filtering layers on the server and WFS where clause in admin. Some of the features only work when filtering layers and not in styles (marked with (warning)).


Boolean Logic

OP1 && OP2 - and

OP1 || OP2 - or

! OP - not


EXPR1 == EXPR2 - equals

EXPR1 != EXPR2 - not equals

EXPR1 < EXPR2 - less than

EXPR1 > EXPR2 - greater than

EXPR1 <= EXPR2 - less than or equal to

EXPR1 >= EXPR2 - greater than or equal to

EXPR1 between EXPR2 and EXPR3 – between comparison

Nil operation

Checks if the expression value is nil (the normal “is null” operation in sql languages)

EXPR is nil

Null operation

Checks if the field exists in the feature

EXPR is null

Like operation

EXPR like String

Checks if EXPR is like the string query. Same as SQL like queries. You can use the following placeholders in the string:

% - one or more characters

_ - one character


(operation) – parenthesis can be used

Spatial Operations

BBOX 'ENVELOPE(mine,minn,maxe,maxn)' – BBOX operation (warning)

An id which references a geometry field or a geometry literal can be used with these. The other operand in these is always the primary geometry field in the layer:

EQUALS EXPR1 – spatially equals (warning)

DISJOINT EXPR1 – spatially disjoint (warning)

INTERSECTS EXPR1 – spatially intersects (warning)

TOUCHES EXPR1 – spatially touches (warning)

CROSSES EXPR1 – spatially crosses (warning)

WITHIN EXPR1 – spatially within (warning)

CONTAINS EXPR1 – spatially contains (warning)

OVERLAPS EXPR1 – spatially overlaps (warning)

Distance operations

STRING DWITHIN range (warning)

STRING BEYOND range (warning)

These can be used to filter geometries where the distance of a given geometry and the primary geometry is within or beyond a certain range of meters.

One example of using dwithin as a request parameter: &query='Point(428888 7255555)' DWITHIN 100000


Checks if the id of the feature is in a certain collection of id values. This operation cannot be grouped with Boolean logic or other operations as is defined in the OGC filter language spec.




Number – Numbers can be inputted as is. The system supports integers and decimals, scientific notation, and normal.

String – strings start and end with a single quote. “\” is the escape character.

Date - #DateString#. Date string format is in english format. UTC date-time strings can be also used.

Geometry – Geometries are strings which are encoded in WKT format.


Fields in the layer can be accessed by writing the field name.

If the data source is a WFS:

  • Remember to include the local namespace of field names (xxx:yyy)
  • Use “/” in field names to reference attributes below the feature root.                                                               

Extensions to Filter language

In operation


Comparable to IN operation in SQL. Degenerates to multiple equality checks if the data source does not support in clauses.

Is descendant of

EXPR1 isdescendantof LITERAL (warning)

SQL Server isDescendantOf operation. Can be used to make queries to hierarchical data. In other SQL datasources translates into clause “(EXPR1=LITERAL or EXPR1 like ‘LITERAL%’)”. Is not supported other data sources.